# How to calculate CGPA in Detail

**How to calculate your GPA and CGPA in advance**

This post gives you an in-depth explanation of how to calculate your GPA and CGPA in advance.

**Question 1:** What is your desired CGPA at the end of your final year?

Let’s say the answer to this question is 4.5. This is a First-Class grade in Covenant University.

**Question 2:** How many years is your course?

Let’s say 5 years.

**Question 3:** What is your current level?

Let’s say 200 level, first semester.

**Question 4:** What is your current CGPA?

Let’s say 3.7

## 1. Calculate your required total GPA (RTG)

Please note that in one academic year, there are 2 semesters therefore 2 GPA’s. Since you’re doing a 5-year course, you have 10 semesters in total (5 X 2 = 10). Now you have 4.5 as your desired CGPA at the end of your final year. You multiply this by the number of semesters which gives 45 (4.5 X 10), this is your total GPA.

## 2. Calculate your current total GPA (CTG)

You are in 200 level, 1st semester meaning you have finished 2 semesters in total (100 level 1st semester and then 100 level 2nd semester). Now your CGPA is 3.7; multiply your current CGPA by the number of semesters you’ve done which gives 7.4 (3.7 X 2), this is your current total GPA

## 3. Calculate the required total residual GPA (RTRG)

Since you have 45 as your RTG and 7.4 as your CTG, your RTRG is gotten by subtracting your CTG from your CTG which is 37.6 (45–7.4 = 37.6)

## 4. Calculate your minimum required GPA for the rest of your academic stay

Since you’re in 200 level, you have 4 years left and therefore 8 semesters left. Divide 37.6 by 8 which is 4.7 (37.6 / 8 = 4.7). This means that in every semester, your GPA must not be less than 4.7 or you may not graduate with your desired CGPA.

# CGPA Calculator – Know How to Calculate CGPA

Most of the students are unaware about CGPA due to which they face difficulty in calculating their percentage. To help them, we created this page that will help them to know about CGPA and how CGPA calculator works and how to calculate CGPA. So, let’s first start by understanding what is a CGPA? CGPA is defined as the Cumulative Grade Points Average. CGPA is the average of grade points obtained by a student in all the subjects, excluding the 6^{th} additional subject. The Central Board of Secondary Education announced the CBSE result for Class 10 and 12 in the form of CGPA. Also, the CGPS is mentioned in the report card of the students.

Know about the CPGA Calculator by directly clicking on the link below.

- CGPA Calculator
- How to Calculate CGPA
- CGPA to Percentage Calculator

If a student wants to know how much percentage they have obtained in the board exam then they have to convert their CGPA into Percentage. Here, we have explained the complete method on how to calculate the CGPA and percentage from the CGPA Grades. The CGPA Calculator will help students in calculating their marks percentage from CGPA. Knowing the percentage will also help students to get admission into college and getting jobs further. In the interview and shortlisting process, class 10 and 12 percentages play an important role.

## CGPA Calculator

Although the CGPA is mentioned on the report card, many students do not know how to calculate CGPA. Here, we have explained how to calculate CGPA with the help of an example. It will help students to understand how CBSE CGPA Calculator works.

### How to Calculate CGPA from Marks in CBSE

We have mentioned the process of how to calculate CGPA from marks in CBSE. To do so, add the grade points for the five main subjects. For example, your grade points for the five main subjects are as mentioned below:

Subject |
Grade Points (GP) |

Subject 1 | 9 |

Subject 2 | 8 |

Subject 3 | 7 |

Subject 4 | 8 |

Subject 5 | 8 |

Total | 40 |

CGPA |
40/5 = 8 |

**Step 1:**Add the grade points i.e 9+8+7+8+8 = 40**Step 2:**Divide the sum by 5 i.e 40/5 = 8- Thus, your CGPA is 8.0

With the help of this example, students must have got to know how to calculate CGPA.

#### Grade Table

After knowing how to calculate CGPA from Marks in CBSE, students can also calculate the subject wise indicative percentage of marks. They just have to multiply Grade points of a subject with 9.5. The table below will help students in calculating their CGPA.

Grade |
Grade Points (GP) |
Marks Range |
Percentage |

A1 | 10 | 91-100 | 95% |

A2 | 9 | 81-90 | 85.5% |

B1 | 8 | 71-80 | 76% |

B2 | 7 | 61-70 | 66.5% |

C1 | 6 | 51-60 | 57% |

C2 | 5 | 41-50 | 47.5% |

D | 4 | 33-40 | 38% |

E1 | Fail | 21-32 | Eligible for Improvement Exam |

E2 | Fail | 00-20 | Eligible for Improvement Exam |

### CGPA to Percentage Calculator

It is equally important to know the result in terms of percentage. So, here we have provided the steps on how to calculate the percentage from CGPA. The CGPA calculator will help in doing so.

To convert the CGPA to Percentage, multiply your CGPS with 9.5. As in the above example the CGPA obtained was 8.0. So, the percentage for it will be 76% as shown below;

8.0×9.5 = 76%

### Merits and Demerits of CGPA

Let us now look in detail merits and demerits of CGPA in education where it is used as an inevitable tool for assessing a student’s performance in school life.

#### Merits of CGPA

- Students can measure their strengths and weaknesses and they can work on it.
- The CGPA decreases the pressure of getting high marks as the actual marks are not mentioned in the report cards.

#### Demerits of CGPA

- The CGPA doesn’t show the accurate performance of the students.
- Due to the grading system, children tend to perform less because they know they will achieve the targeted grade even by committing a few mistakes.

The grading system fails in showing the accurate performance of the students. We can only get to know about the grade achieved by students instead of the actual ability of the student.